Introduction
This article delves into poker probability, starting with the probability of poker hands and common odds and probabilities in a poker game. It then moves on to understanding poker probability, calculating the probability of poker hands, and card probability.
What is Probability?
In layman’s terms, probability means “possibility of happening”. Generally used in mathematics, probability explains how likely or to an extent something will happen.
Understanding the possible outcomes becomes crucial as we discuss the probability of something happening. For instance, if you toss a coin, there are two possible outcomes: you’ll get a head or a tail. Here, the probability of getting a head or a tail is 5050 each (one outcome out of the two). However, if you throw a dice, there are six possible outcomes, i.e. you can get 1,2,3,4,5 or 6. In this case, the probability of getting one of them is 1/6.
Poker Probability
In poker, the probability is the likelihood of a particular event happening. The most common events in poker are:
 Dealing a certain hand
 Winning a hand
 Making a specific hand (e.g. a flush or straight)
 Dealing a hole card
 Flopping a Poker Hand
To calculate probabilities in poker, you need to know two things:
 The number of cards in the deck
 The number of cards that will help you achieve your desired outcome
For example, if you want to calculate the probability of being dealt a pocket pair (two cards of the same rank), you would do the following:
 There are 52 cards in the deck.
 There are 13 different ranks, each with 4 cards, one for each suit.
 Therefore, to complete a pocket pair, the first card can be any among the 52 cards and the second card can be any of the three remaining cards of the same rank, i.e., 156 combinations. As K♦K♥ is the same as a K♥K♦, a total of 78 pocket pairs are possible.
Therefore, the probability of getting a pocket pair is 78/1326, or approximately 5.9%.
Poker Hand Win Probability
The probability of winning a hand in poker is determined by the strength of your hand and the number of opponents you are playing against. The more opponents you have, the lower your chances of winning, and the stronger your hand, the higher your chances of winning.
Poker Probability Calculator
You can use a poker hand probability calculator to more easily calculate your poker hand win probability. These calculators consider the cards you hold, the community cards, and the number of opponents you are playing against to give you a precise estimate of your chances of winning the hand.
Probability of One Pair in Poker
One of the most common poker hands is one pair with two cards of the same rank. The probability of getting one pair in a fivecard poker hand is approximately 42.3%. However, the probability of getting one pair in a threecard poker hand is much higher, at 16.9%.
3 Card Poker Probability
In 3card poker, players receive 3 cards and intend to have the highestranked hand possible. The probability of getting a straight flush, the highestranking hand in 3card poker, is approximately 0.22%. However, the probability of getting a pair is much higher, at approximately 16.9%.
4 Card Poker Probability
4card poker is similar to 3card poker, but players are dealt 4 cards instead of 3. The probability of getting a straight flush in 4card poker is approximately 0.02%, and the probability of getting a pair is approximately 28%.
5 Card Poker Probability
In 5card poker, players receive 5 cards, and the aim is to have the highestranked hand possible. The probability of getting a royal flush, the highestranking hand in 5card poker, is approximately 0.0032%. However, the probability of getting one pair is much higher, at approximately 42.3%.
Full House Poker Probability
A full house is a hand made of 3 cards of one rank and the other 2 cards of another rank. The probability of getting a full house in a 5card poker hand is approximately 2.6%.
Poker Hand Probability Texas Holdem
Texas Holdem is one of the most popular variants of poker. The probability of winning a hand in this game depends on the strength of your hand, the number of opponents, and the community cards. The probability of getting a pair in Texas Holdem is approximately 42.3%, and the probability of getting a full house is approximately 2.6%.
How to Calculate Poker Probability
To calculate poker probability, you need to consider your hole cards, the community cards on the table, and the number of opponents you are playing against. You can then use mathematical formulas to determine your probability of winning the hand.
Let’s start by understanding the odds of being dealt with certain starting hands in poker and the odds of flopping poker hands. These can be calculated for most scenarios and can be a very effective tool while playing.
Odds of Being Dealt Specific Hole Cards in Poker
In poker, particularly Texas Hold'em, the odds of being dealt certain hole cards or the initial two cards are critical for developing strategy in the preflop stage. Understanding these probabilities and odds helps make informed decisions about whether to bet, raise, fold, or call during the preflop.
So, while dealing with the hole cards, the first card out of the deck can be either of the 52 cards, while the second hole card can be either of the remaining 51 cards. But since, for example, a K♦Q♣ is the same as Q♣K♦, the total number of combinations will be calculated as (52*51/2); 1326 unique combinations are possible.
Now that we know the total number of combinations possible, let’s examine some specific cases to understand this better.
Pocket Pairs:
These are pairs of the same rank, such as a pair of Kings or 3s. Since there are 52 cards in a deck, and you are getting two of them as hole cards, the odds of getting a specific pocket pair (like two Aces) is 1 in 221, or 0.45%. To calculate this, consider that the first card doesn't matter (any of the 52 cards will do), but the second card must be one of the three remaining cards of the same rank out of the 51 unseen cards. Therefore, for any specific pair, the probability of getting a pocket pair is (4/52) * (3/51); 1/221.
Suited Cards:
Getting two cards of the same suit improves the potential of making a flush. The odds of getting two cards of the same suit are 23.5%. It is because 12 cards remain from the same suit after receiving the first card out of the remaining 51 cards, making 52*12 suited combinations. Nevertheless, a K♦Q♦ is the same as a Q♦K♦. Thus, the total number of suited combinations becomes (52*12/2)= 312. Hence the probability (312/1326); 4/17.
Unsuited and Unpaired Cards:
Cards of different suits are quite common. The probability of getting two unsuited cards (excluding pairs) is 12/17 or 70.6%. It is determined by considering that 36 (excluding 3 cards of the same rank in the remaining 39 unsuited cards) of the remaining 51 cards are of a different suit and rank than the first card, making 52*36/2; 936 suited combinations. Hence, the probability (936/1326) is 12/17.
AK Suited:
An example of a strong starting hand is being dealt an Ace and a King of the same suit. The odds of this specific hand are 1 in 331, or 0.3%. It is calculated knowing there are 4 ways to get an Ace and King of the same suit out of the 1,326 possible starting hands. Hence, the probability (4/1326) is 1/331.
5. AK Unsuited:
Let’s look into a case of a starting hand being dealt an Ace and a King of the different suits. The odds of this specific hand are 1 in 110.5, or 0.9%. This is calculated knowing there are 12 ways to get an Ace and King of the different suits out of the 1,326 possible starting hands. Hence, the probability (12/1326) is 2/223.
6. Pocket Aces:
Again, one of the strongest hole cards could be a pair of Aces. The odds of getting a pair of Aces are 1 in 221 or 0.5%. This is calculated knowing there are 6 ways to get two Aces of the different suits out of the 1,326 possible starting hands. Hence, the probability (6/1326) is 1/221.
7. QQ+(Pocket Queens and above):
In a deck, any pocket pair has a total of 6 combinations. For a pair of Qs, possible combinations could be Q♠Q♣, Q♦Q♣, Q♥Q♣, Q♠Q♥, Q♠Q♦, Q♦Q♥. Similarly, if you want to calculate the odds of the hole cards being QQ+, there will be pocket pairs of Qs, Ks and As, hence 18 combinations. So the probability (18/1326) is 3/221.
Hole Cards 
Total Combinations 
Probability 
Odds 

Any 2 Cards 
1326 
100% 
1 in 1 
AK (any specific hand) 
16 
1.2% 
1 in 82.8 
AKs (any specific suited hand) 
4 
0.3% 
1 in 331.5 
AKo (any specific unsuited hand) 
12 
0.9% 
1 in 110.5 
AA (pocket ace) 
6 
0.5% 
1 in 221 
KK+ 
12 
0.9% 
1 in 110.5 
QQ+ 
18 
1.4% 
1 in 73.7 
JJ+ 
24 
1.8% 
1 in 55.3 
TT+ 
30 
2.3% 
1 in 44.2 
QQ+, AK 
34 
2.5% 
1 in 39 
JJ+, AK 
40 
3.0% 
1 in 33.2 
TT+, AK 
46 
3.4% 
1 in 28.8 
Any Unpaired, Suited Cards 
312 
23.5% 
1 in 4.3 
Any Unpaired, Unsuited Cards 
936 
70.6% 
1 in 1.4 
Any Pocket Pair 
78 
5.8% 
1 in 17 
Any Suited Connectors(54s to JTs) 
52

3.9% 
1 in 25.5 
The Odds of Flopping a Made Hand:
Focusing on the odds of flopping a made hand in Texas Holdem, it is essential to consider the hands you might aim for and their respective probabilities.
To make a flop, you have to draw 3 cards from the remaining 50. Therefore, you can calculate the total number of possible flops by counting or applying combination concepts. There are 19,600 different ways in which all the possible flops can be made.
Let's examine a few scenarios, including examples of hole cards, the resulting flop, probabilities, and odds for each situation.
1. Flopping a Pair
Example:
Hole Cards: 7♦️ K♠️
Flop: K♦️ 4♠️ 9♣️
Probability: 30.99%
Odds: About 2.08 to 1
You have around a 1 in 3 chance of making a pair on the flop when you hold two unpaired cards. There are 6072 different ways to flop a pair in the case of Texas Hold’em. It is one of the most common ways to make a hand in Texas Holdem. So, the probability of flopping a pair is 6072 out of 19,600 ways, i.e., 30.99%.

Flopping a Set (Three of a Kind)
Hole Cards: J♣️ J♠️
Flop: J♦️ 6♠️ 2♠️
Probability: 11.51%
Odds: About 7.69 to 1
The odds of making a set on the flop when holding a pocket pair are roughly 1 in 8. There are 2,256 different ways to flop a ThreeofaKind in the case of Texas Hold’em. So the probability of flopping a set is 2,256 out of 19,600, i.e., 11.51%. Having a pocket pair and flopping a third one to make a set is a strong position, but it happens less frequently.

Flopping Two Pair
Hole Cards: Q♠️ 8♣️
Flop: Q♦️ 8♦️ 4♥️
Probability: ~2%
Odds: About 49 to 1
The chance of flopping two pairs when holding two unpaired cards is relatively rare, reflecting its strength as a hand in many situations. There are 396 different ways to flop a Two Pair in the case of Texas Hold’em. So the probability of flopping a two pair is 396 (3 suits of first hole card * 3 suits of second hole card * 44 remaining cards) out of 19,600, i.e., 2.02%. Having two unsuited cards and flopping a twopair to make a set is a strong position, but it happens only once out of 49 occurrences.

Flopping a Straight
Hole Cards: 10♠️ J♦️
Flop: 9♣️ Q♠️ K♦️
Probability: ~1.3%
Odds: About 77 to 1
Flopping straight (5 cards in a sequence) requires a specific setup of hole cards and the flop, making it quite rare, around 1.3%. The probability varies significantly based on the structure of your hole cards, e.g., connector cards (89) or gap cards (79).

Flopping a Flush
Hole Cards: A♠️ K♠️
Flop: 2♠️ 6♠️ 9♠️
Probability: ~0.84%
Odds: About 118 to 1
Flopping a flush requires you to have two suited cards in your hand and three more of the same suit to appear on the flop. There are 165 different ways to flop a Flush in the case of Texas Hold’em. So the probability of flopping a flush is 165 out of 19,600 total ways of making a flop, i.e., 0.84%

Flopping a Full House
Hole Cards: Q♥️ Q♦️
Flop: Q♠️ 7♣️ 7♦️
Probability: ~0.14%
Odds: About 693 to 1
Flopping a full house in poker is extremely rare. This scenario generally occurs when you start with a pocket pair(Q♥️ Q♦️) and the flop(Q♠️ 7♣️ 7♦️) brings another pair(7♣️ 7♦️) plus a third card(Q♠️) to match your own.
Another scenario could be when you start with unpaired hole cards(Q♠️ 7♣️). And in the flop(Q♥️ Q♦️7♦️), one hole card meets another card of the same rank(7♦️) to make complete a pair(7♣️7♦️) while the other completes ThreeofaKind(Q♥️ Q♦️) with the presence of 2 cards of the same rank.

Flopping Four of a Kind
Hole Cards: 5♣️ 5♠️
Flop: 5♥️ 5♦️ 9♣️
Probability: ~0.24%
Odds: About 407 to 1
It is one of the rarest flops in poker, where you hold a pocket pair, and the flop brings the other two cards of the same rank.
When you start with a pocket pair in the hole cards, you need the remaining two cards of the same rank to make the fourofakind in the flop. The third card in the flop can be any of the 48 cards left. Hence, the probability of flopping a FourofaKind is 0.24%(48/19600).
Remember, these probabilities and odds are specific to the flop and do not consider the turn and river. Poker consists of skill, strategy, and luck, and understanding these odds can significantly enhance your decisionmaking process.
Working Out the Probability of Draws
In poker, ‘out’ refers to the card that can improve your hand strength. For example, for a player who is hoping for a gutshot (5th card to complete a straight), if they have, say, 45 as hole cards and Q678 on the poker table, then four 3s and four 9s become the total 8 possible outs available for the river round to complete the Straight.
Hence, the number of ways to improve hand strength here is 8. Now, let’s count the number of ways hand strength will not improve. Out of a total of 52 cards, 2 are hole cards, 4 cards are on the table, and 8 are the outs. Hence, the remaining 38 cards will not improve the odds in the river.
 Hence, the ratio of odds not improving to the ratio of odds improving here will be 38:8, 4.75:1. This ratio indicates that for every 1 time we improve, every 4.75 times we don’t. So, during the game, if we get such a situation and we have to call, in such case, we need to have pot odds greater than 4.75 to 1
Calculating Pot Odds
Pot Odds= existing ₹ in the main pot+₹ added in the pot during the current betting round/
₹ to pay during a call
Consider this scenario: The initial pot holds ₹100, and then another ₹100 is thrown into the mix. It brings the total pot value to ₹200, and you are faced with the decision to call a bet of ₹100.
In this situation, the pot odds are effectively ₹200 to ₹100, translating to odds of 2 to 1.
For another example, let's assume there is ₹ 200 in the main pot. In the betting round, the first player bets ₹ 100, the second player calls ₹ 100, and next is your turn to act.
What are your pot odds?
Using the formula above, we arrive at the following equation: ₹ 400: ₹ 100 or 4 to 1
(₹ 200 in the main pot) + (₹ 200 from this betting round)/
(₹ 100 that you have to pay (call))
So, in order to make a profitable call, we require pot odds greater than 4.75 to 1 (i.e. ₹500 already in the pot against a bet of 100).
Frequently Asked Questions
How does probability work in poker?
Probability helps you understand the odds of drawing a winning hand or navigating your betting decisions based on your opponent's cards.
How do you calculate probability in poker?
To calculate your poker probability, you must consider your cards, the community cards, and the number of opponents you are playing against. You can then use mathematical formulas to determine your probability of winning the hand.
Is poker based on probability?
Yes, poker is based on probability. Players use the odds of getting certain hands to make strategic decisions. Understanding probability involves a significant amount of skill.
Conclusion
Understanding poker probability is essential for players who want to improve their game. By knowing the probabilities of distinct outcomes, you can make more informed decisions, increase your winning chances and earn real money by playing Poker online on Adda52.com. Additionally, there are various poker sites where you can play games, such as Call Break or Teen Patti. You can play cash games or money games on poker apps like Adda52.